Oxford Turkish academician Korkmaz: Hybrid war finds its reflection in every crisis
He continues his academic studies at the Oxford Department of International Development. Emre Eren Korkmaz noted that the concept of hybrid warfare was manifested in many international events and stated that it was reflected in crises such as the pandemic. Successful academics raised concerns about data privacy with Covid-19 applications, developed in a written interview with Cyber Bulletin, and made a number of recommendations to social scientists who want to examine technological developments.
Following the Covid-19 process, the issues that have been raised are the follow-up practices developed by the states. Do you think the sensitivity about data privacy is negligible when it comes to health? Can a model that protect both life safety and data privacy be developed?
There are various initiatives to protect health and data security. I don't know how successful these will be. But this issue has many dimensions.
First, applications are presented as the most important solution, but this is open to debate. For example, extensive testing is much more important. Testing and monitoring must be done together.
Secondly, is it better to learn whether someone you are interviewing is Covid-19 positive or to learn from a person who is knowledgeable about the subject? There are many aspects such as answering questions and calming people while getting such serious news. For this reason, many countries follow up over the phone.
Thirdly, there are countries that enforce these applications, and those who voluntarily promote them. There are those who centrally accumulate data, there are those who produce decentralized solutions. In both cases separate questions arise. Especially if it is compulsory, issues such as the enactment of this by a law determined by the parliament in every country, its transparency, and its removal when the outbreak ends.
In addition, what other data do these applications reach, for example phone numbers, photos?
It is necessary to answer a large number of questions such as this. At the beginning, it is important to clarify how the governance will be from the design to the implementation of these solutions. The issue is not only limited to the security of personal data, but also has a consequence that affects the relationship between the citizen and the state in the social sphere and also affects people's constitutional rights and freedoms. In this respect, it is necessary to discuss.
It was reflected in the media, which is the target of cyber erosion attacks of companies and academic institutions that do medical research on coronavirus. It seems that there is no question of any global or interstate development being reflected in the cyber space. What kind of strategies should be produced in the context of state, company and individual in such an environment? Is security or freedom going to be the focus of the new world where every step has a reflection in the cyber space?
Topics such as hybrid warfare or constant warfare have been developed through cyber security / cyber warfare and this is reflected in every crisis. The area of health was always important, we witnessed the hacking of health systems and hospitals, and the area of health gained even more importance with the pandemic. It is also necessary to add disinformation campaigns.
I think that in the matter of strategy and security / freedom, attention should be given to people and social solutions should be produced. While doing this, special attention should be given to those who are negatively affected by the structural inequalities of the society. We can evaluate a wide variety of groups such as the poor, workers, women, LGBTs, minorities, refugees, the elderly, and children, taking into account the different country realities. In this respect, we face the elimination of digital inequality and the development of digital literacy. If this is achieved, it will be possible to realize the political and commercial interests of states and companies, to position people as social subjects, and to make requests from states and companies.
This is also important in the field of health, because even if we leave cyber attacks aside, people with certain conditions will be able to access all these solutions, from artificial personal-assisted digital personal health services to Covid-19 applications that enable us to go out onto the streets. There are millions of people who do not have a smartphone or fast internet, even if they are not able to use them sufficiently for reasons such as old age or disability, or because they are children, they find it difficult to separate the truth from the wrong. Therefore, instead of seeing the solution of everything as a cure for technology, I think it is important to produce alternative non-technological solutions and to be transparent and open to control as much as possible from the design stage to the application of the produced technological solutions.